Development and implementation of a pharmacist-managed clinical pharmacogenetics service

A pharmacist-managed clinical pharmacogenetics service was designed and implemented at an academic specialty hospital to provide clinical pharmacogenetic testing for gene products important to the pharmacodynamics of medications used in the hospital's patients. A series of accredited educational seminars were conducted for our pharmacists to establish competencies in providing pharmacogenetic consults for the genes to be tested by the clinical pharmacogenetics service. The service was modeled after and integrated with an already-established clinical pharmacokinetics service. A steering committee was formed to evaluate the use of available tests, new evidence for implementation of additional tests, and other service quality metrics. All clinical pharmacogenetic test results are first reported to one of the pharmacists, who reviews the result and provides a written consultation. The consultation includes an interpretation of the result and recommendations for any indicated changes to therapy. In 2009, 136 clinical pharmacogenetic tests were performed. The service has been met with positive clinician feedback. The successful implementation of this service highlights the leadership role that pharmacists can take in moving pharmacogenetics from research to patient care. CONCLUSION: The development of and experience with a pharmacist-managed clinical pharmacogenetics service are described. The program's success has depended on collaboration between the clinical laboratory and pharmacists, and pharmacists' pharmacogenetic recommendations have been well accepted by prescribers.

Type Course
CME Available No
Cost Free

Date of Resource

Genomic Competencies

Experts from the disciplines listed below have tagged this resource as fulfulling genomic competencies.


  • Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (ELSI)
    • E3:   To adopt a culturally sensitive and ethical approach to patient counseling regarding genomic/pharmacogenomic test results
    • E4:   To appreciate the cost, cost-effectiveness, and reimbursement by insurers relevant to genomic or pharmacogenomic tests and test interpretation, for patients and populations
  • Pharmacogenetics/Pharmacogenomics
    • P1:   To demonstrate an understanding of how genetic variation in a large number of proteins, including drug transporters, drug metabolizing enzymes, direct protein targets of drugs, and other proteins (e.g. signal transduction proteins) influence pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics related to pharmacologic effect and drug response