Lab Tests Online

Lab Tests Online is an award-winning health information web resource designed to help patients and caregivers understand the many lab tests that are a vital part of medical care. Laboratory and medical professionals, who are experts in the field, develop and review all content, including articles on lab tests, conditions/diseases, screening, clinical laboratory topics, and lab test news. 

The site is produced by American Association for Clinical Chemistry, a global scientific and medical professional organization dedicated to clinical laboratory science and its application to healthcare.


Note to Genetic Counselors: This resource can aid in teaching early genetic counseling students about genetic testing but more importantly for this resource, some of the other routine screening and testing done as part of a work up of the patient.


Note to Pharmacists: Pharmacogenomics-specific information is on the webpage, https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/pharmacogenetic-tests/ 


Type Website
CME Available No
Topic
Cost Free
Note



Genomic Competencies

Experts from the disciplines listed below have tagged this resource as fulfulling genomic competencies.

Pharmacist

  • Basic Genetic Concepts
    • B1:   To demonstrate an understanding of the basic genetic/genomic concepts and nomenclature
    • B3:   To identify drug and disease associated genetic variations that facilitate development of prevention, diagnostic and treatment strategies and appreciate there are differences in testing methodologies and are aware of the need to explore these differences these differences in drug literature evaluation
  • Pharmacogenetics/Pharmacogenomics
    • P3:   Recognize the availability of evidence based guidelines that synthesize information relevant to genomic/pharmacogenomic tests and selection of drug therapy (e.g. Clinical Pharmacogenomics Implementation Consortium)

Physician Assistant

  • Patient Care
    • 3:   Distinguish between genetic screening and genetic testing
    • 4:   Incorporate genetic tests into patient management

Nurse

  • Professional Responsibilities
    • PR-2:   Advocate for clients' access
      • PR2-K1:   Resources for healthcare professionals and lay public
        • PR2-1:   Demonstrate appropriate care and concern for all clients throughout their referral, provision of direct care and follow-up to genetic services.
        • PR2-2:   Demonstrate knowledge about accessing local/regional genetic and/or genomic resources.
        • PR2-3:   Include genetic health care professionals in team building and collaborative strategies to optimize client outcomes.
        • PR2-4:   Help client negotiate system barriers that limit access to genetic/genomic services.
        • PR2-5:   Identify strategies that could be used to facilitate reimbursement for access to genetic/genomic services and/or tests.
      • PR2-K2:   Resources for genetic and/or genomic referrals within one's community
        • PR2-1:   Demonstrate appropriate care and concern for all clients throughout their referral, provision of direct care and follow-up to genetic services.
        • PR2-2:   Demonstrate knowledge about accessing local/regional genetic and/or genomic resources.
        • PR2-3:   Include genetic health care professionals in team building and collaborative strategies to optimize client outcomes.
        • PR2-4:   Help client negotiate system barriers that limit access to genetic/genomic services.
        • PR2-5:   Identify strategies that could be used to facilitate reimbursement for access to genetic/genomic services and/or tests.
    • PR-4:   Incorporate genetic and genomic technologies and information into practice.
      • PR4-K1:   Technology and information systems
        • PR4-1:   Evaluate genetic and genomic technologies used in client care.
        • PR4-2:   Demonstrate use of genetic and genomic technology and client data for clinical decision-making in providing safe client care.
        • PR4-3:   Identify the credibility, reliability and limitations of genetic and genomic information.
        • PR4-4:   Identify ethical, legal, and social issues associated with genetic/genomic information.
  • Nursing Assessment
    • NA-5:   Conducts assessments incorporating genetic, environmental, and genomic influences and risk factors
      • NA5-K1:   Fundamentals of genetic and genomic focused health and physical assessment
      • NA5-K2:   Basics of risk factors
  • Identification
    • ID-2:   Identify credible, accurate, appropriate, and current genetic and genomic information
      • ID2-K1:   Resources for health care professionals and lay public
        • ID2-1:   Evaluate strengths, limitations, and best use of genetic and/or genomic resource for a client or group of clients.
        • ID2-2:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the educational, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by a genetic or genomic condition.
        • ID2-3:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the knowledge, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by genetic/genomic technology.
        • ID2-4:   Identify resources available to assist clients seeking genetic and genomic information or services including the types of services available.
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
        • ID2-6:   Evaluate sources of evidence and clinical practice guidelines for a client whose care involves genetic and/or genomic health care. Use continuous quality improvement initiatives to update practice guidelines as necessary.
      • ID2-K2:   Resources for referral within one's community
        • ID2-1:   Evaluate strengths, limitations, and best use of genetic and/or genomic resource for a client or group of clients.
        • ID2-2:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the educational, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by a genetic or genomic condition.
        • ID2-3:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the knowledge, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by genetic/genomic technology.
        • ID2-4:   Identify resources available to assist clients seeking genetic and genomic information or services including the types of services available.
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
        • ID2-6:   Evaluate sources of evidence and clinical practice guidelines for a client whose care involves genetic and/or genomic health care. Use continuous quality improvement initiatives to update practice guidelines as necessary.
      • ID2-K3:   Roles of genetic/genomic health care professionals
        • ID2-1:   Evaluate strengths, limitations, and best use of genetic and/or genomic resource for a client or group of clients.
        • ID2-2:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the educational, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by a genetic or genomic condition.
        • ID2-3:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the knowledge, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by genetic/genomic technology.
        • ID2-4:   Identify resources available to assist clients seeking genetic and genomic information or services including the types of services available.
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
        • ID2-6:   Evaluate sources of evidence and clinical practice guidelines for a client whose care involves genetic and/or genomic health care. Use continuous quality improvement initiatives to update practice guidelines as necessary.
      • ID2-K4:   Interprofessional resources
        • ID2-1:   Evaluate strengths, limitations, and best use of genetic and/or genomic resource for a client or group of clients.
        • ID2-2:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the educational, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by a genetic or genomic condition.
        • ID2-3:   Discuss the ways in which nurses can meet the knowledge, psychosocial and resource needs of clients and families affected by genetic/genomic technology.
        • ID2-4:   Identify resources available to assist clients seeking genetic and genomic information or services including the types of services available.
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
        • ID2-6:   Evaluate sources of evidence and clinical practice guidelines for a client whose care involves genetic and/or genomic health care. Use continuous quality improvement initiatives to update practice guidelines as necessary.
  • Referral activities
    • RA-1:   Facilitate referrals for specialized genetic and genomic services
      • RA1-K1:   Professional roles of providers delivering genetic and genomic services
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
      • RA1-K2:   Resources for health care professionals and lay public
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
      • RA1-K3:   Resources for genetic and genomic referrals within the community
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
  • Provision of education, care and support
    • PECS-1:   Provide clients with interpretation of genetic and genomic information
      • PECS1-K1:   Components of family history
        • PECS1-1:   Discuss factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or a genetic/genomic condition.
        • PECS1-2:   Use family history information to inform health education.
        • PECS1-3:   Discuss the role of genetic, genomic, environmental and psychosocial factors in the manifestation of disease.
        • PECS1-5:   Reinforce/clarify information provided by genetic professional to client (i.e., genetic test interpretation; informed consent).
      • PECS1-K2:   Inheritance Patterns
        • PECS1-1:   Discuss factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or a genetic/genomic condition.
        • PECS1-2:   Use family history information to inform health education.
        • PECS1-3:   Discuss the role of genetic, genomic, environmental and psychosocial factors in the manifestation of disease.
        • PECS1-5:   Reinforce/clarify information provided by genetic professional to client (i.e., genetic test interpretation; informed consent).
      • PECS1-K3:   Role of environmental and psychosocial factors
        • PECS1-1:   Discuss factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or a genetic/genomic condition.
        • PECS1-2:   Use family history information to inform health education.
        • PECS1-3:   Discuss the role of genetic, genomic, environmental and psychosocial factors in the manifestation of disease.
        • PECS1-5:   Reinforce/clarify information provided by genetic professional to client (i.e., genetic test interpretation; informed consent).
      • PECS1-K4:   Informed consent procedures and essential elements
        • PECS1-1:   Discuss factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or a genetic/genomic condition.
        • PECS1-2:   Use family history information to inform health education.
        • PECS1-3:   Discuss the role of genetic, genomic, environmental and psychosocial factors in the manifestation of disease.
        • PECS1-5:   Reinforce/clarify information provided by genetic professional to client (i.e., genetic test interpretation; informed consent).
    • PECS-2:   Provide clients with genetic and genomic information and resources for informed decision making
      • PECS2-K1:   Resources for healthcare professionals and lay public
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
        • PECS2-1:   Evaluate strengths, limitations, and best use of one genetic and/or genomic resource for a client or group of clients.
        • PECS2-2:   Help clients interpret and understand genetic and genomic information.
      • PECS2-K2:   Referral resources for genetic and genomic services within one's community
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
        • PECS2-1:   Evaluate strengths, limitations, and best use of one genetic and/or genomic resource for a client or group of clients.
        • PECS2-2:   Help clients interpret and understand genetic and genomic information.
      • PECS2-K3:   Roles of genetic/genomic health care professionals
        • ID2-5:   Develop a list of contacts and resources for genetic/genomic referrals.
        • PECS2-1:   Evaluate strengths, limitations, and best use of one genetic and/or genomic resource for a client or group of clients.
        • PECS2-2:   Help clients interpret and understand genetic and genomic information.
    • PECS-4:   Use genetic- and genomic-based interventions and information to improve clients' outcomes
      • PECS4-K1:   Pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics
        • PECS4-1:   Demonstrate ability to incorporate family history as part of the nursing assessment.
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS4-3:   Intervene when client has an unintended response to genetic/genomic based interventions to ensure client safety.
      • PECS4-K2:   Gene or gene product targeted therapy
        • PECS4-1:   Demonstrate ability to incorporate family history as part of the nursing assessment.
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS4-3:   Intervene when client has an unintended response to genetic/genomic based interventions to ensure client safety.
      • PECS4-K3:   Protein replacement therapy
        • PECS4-1:   Demonstrate ability to incorporate family history as part of the nursing assessment.
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS4-3:   Intervene when client has an unintended response to genetic/genomic based interventions to ensure client safety.
      • PECS4-K4:   Chaperone therapy
        • PECS4-1:   Demonstrate ability to incorporate family history as part of the nursing assessment.
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS4-3:   Intervene when client has an unintended response to genetic/genomic based interventions to ensure client safety.
    • PECS-7:   Performs interventions/treatments appropriate to clients' genetic and genomic healthcare needs.
      • PECS7-K1:   Pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS4-3:   Intervene when client has an unintended response to genetic/genomic based interventions to ensure client safety.
      • PECS7-K2:   Gene or gene product targeted therapy
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS4-3:   Intervene when client has an unintended response to genetic/genomic based interventions to ensure client safety.
      • PECS7-K3:   Protein replacement therapy
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS4-3:   Intervene when client has an unintended response to genetic/genomic based interventions to ensure client safety.
      • PECS7-K4:   Chaperone therapy
        • PECS4-2:   Monitor client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
    • PECS-8:   Evaluate impact and effectiveness of technology, information, interventions, and treatments
      • PECS8-K1:   Range of psychosocial responses
        • PECS8-1:   Assess client response to genetic/genomic information.
        • PECS8-2:   Assess client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS8-3:   Assess client response to genetic/genomic services.
        • PECS8-4:   Use evaluation of genetic/genomic technology, information and interventions to modify client's plan of care.
      • PECS8-K2:   Expected outcomes of various genetic/genomic based interventions
        • PECS8-1:   Assess client response to genetic/genomic information.
        • PECS8-2:   Assess client response to genetic/genomic based interventions.
        • PECS8-3:   Assess client response to genetic/genomic services.
        • PECS8-4:   Use evaluation of genetic/genomic technology, information and interventions to modify client's plan of care.

Genetic Counselor

  • Genetics Expertise and Analysis
    • 4:   Identify, assess, facilitate, and integrate genetic testing options in genetic counseling practice.
      • 4a:   Investigate the availability, analytic validity, clinical validity, and clinical utility of screening, diagnostic and predictive genetic/genomic tests.
      • 4b:   Evaluate and assess laboratories and select the most appropriate laboratory and test based on the clinical situation.
      • 4c:   Identify and discuss the potential benefits, risks, limitations and costs of genetic testing.
      • 4d:   Coordinate and facilitate the ordering of appropriate genetic testing for the client.
      • 4e:   Interpret the clinical implications of genetic test reports.
      • 4f:   Recognize and differentiate specific considerations relevant to genetic versus genomic and clinical versus research testing in terms of the informed consent process, results disclosure, institutional review board (IRB) guidelines, and clinical decision-making.