Introducing Genomics in Healthcare

With new technologies we can now examine the whole of a person's DNA -- their genome -- quicker and cheaper than ever before. In this video, Vivienne Parry OBE 


Type Other
CME Available No
Topic
Cost Free
Note



Genomic Competencies

Experts from the disciplines listed below have tagged this resource as fulfulling genomic competencies.

Nurse

  • Professional Responsibilities
    • PR-3:   Examine competency of practice
      • PR3-K1:   Scope of nursing practice in relation to genetics/genomics
        • PR3-1:   Identify relevance of genetics/genomics to practice of your discipline.
        • PR3-2:   Demonstrate awareness of the boundaries of one's own professional practice in relation to genetics/genomics.
        • PR3-3:   Perform regular self assessments to identify knowledge and skills deficits that could impact the quality of nursing care one provides to clients in need of genetic/genomic guidance, referral and resources.
        • PR3-4:   Take action to meet identified knowledge and skills deficits related to genetics and genomics.
      • PR3-K2:   Role of specialist genetic/genomic services
        • PR3-1:   Identify relevance of genetics/genomics to practice of your discipline.
        • PR3-2:   Demonstrate awareness of the boundaries of one's own professional practice in relation to genetics/genomics.
        • PR3-3:   Perform regular self assessments to identify knowledge and skills deficits that could impact the quality of nursing care one provides to clients in need of genetic/genomic guidance, referral and resources.
        • PR3-4:   Take action to meet identified knowledge and skills deficits related to genetics and genomics.
      • PR3-K3:   Interprofessional resources
        • PR3-1:   Identify relevance of genetics/genomics to practice of your discipline.
        • PR3-2:   Demonstrate awareness of the boundaries of one's own professional practice in relation to genetics/genomics.
        • PR3-3:   Perform regular self assessments to identify knowledge and skills deficits that could impact the quality of nursing care one provides to clients in need of genetic/genomic guidance, referral and resources.
        • PR3-4:   Take action to meet identified knowledge and skills deficits related to genetics and genomics.
    • PR-4:   Incorporate genetic and genomic technologies and information into practice.
      • PR4-K1:   Technology and information systems
        • PR4-1:   Evaluate genetic and genomic technologies used in client care.
        • PR4-2:   Demonstrate use of genetic and genomic technology and client data for clinical decision-making in providing safe client care.
        • PR4-3:   Identify the credibility, reliability and limitations of genetic and genomic information.
        • PR4-4:   Identify ethical, legal, and social issues associated with genetic/genomic information.
  • Identification
    • ID-1:   Identify clients who may benefit from genetic and genomic information and services
      • ID1-K1:   Components of family history needed to identify disease susceptibility or genetic/genomic condition
        • ID1-1:   Identify factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or genetic/genomic condition.
        • ID1-3:   Demonstrate assessment of client concerns or understanding about information received from specialty genetic services (i.e., on-line genetic testing results).
        • ID1-4:   Uses genetic and genomic indicators as rationale for clients who may benefit from further evaluation or other risk management interventions.
        • ID1-5:   Incorporate into the interprofessional plan of care the need for further genetic/genomic evaluation or other risk management interventions in collaboration with the client.
      • ID1-K2:   Inheritance patterns
        • ID1-1:   Identify factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or genetic/genomic condition.
        • ID1-3:   Demonstrate assessment of client concerns or understanding about information received from specialty genetic services (i.e., on-line genetic testing results).
        • ID1-4:   Uses genetic and genomic indicators as rationale for clients who may benefit from further evaluation or other risk management interventions.
        • ID1-5:   Incorporate into the interprofessional plan of care the need for further genetic/genomic evaluation or other risk management interventions in collaboration with the client.
      • ID1-K3:   Indicators of disease susceptibility or a genetic condition
        • ID1-1:   Identify factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or genetic/genomic condition.
        • ID1-3:   Demonstrate assessment of client concerns or understanding about information received from specialty genetic services (i.e., on-line genetic testing results).
        • ID1-4:   Uses genetic and genomic indicators as rationale for clients who may benefit from further evaluation or other risk management interventions.
        • ID1-5:   Incorporate into the interprofessional plan of care the need for further genetic/genomic evaluation or other risk management interventions in collaboration with the client.
      • ID1-K4:   Common health conditions with a genetic/genomic component
        • ID1-1:   Identify factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or genetic/genomic condition.
        • ID1-3:   Demonstrate assessment of client concerns or understanding about information received from specialty genetic services (i.e., on-line genetic testing results).
        • ID1-4:   Uses genetic and genomic indicators as rationale for clients who may benefit from further evaluation or other risk management interventions.
        • ID1-5:   Incorporate into the interprofessional plan of care the need for further genetic/genomic evaluation or other risk management interventions in collaboration with the client.
      • ID1-K5:   Indicators of need for targeted treatment selection
        • ID1-1:   Identify factors in a family and health history that contribute to: disease susceptibility; disease characteristics, treatment, prognosis; or genetic/genomic condition.
        • ID1-4:   Uses genetic and genomic indicators as rationale for clients who may benefit from further evaluation or other risk management interventions.
        • ID1-5:   Incorporate into the interprofessional plan of care the need for further genetic/genomic evaluation or other risk management interventions in collaboration with the client.

Physician

  • Genomic Testing
    • P-GT2A:   Patient Care
      • 2A1:   Discuss the indications for genomic testing - specifically the benefits, risks, and alternatives
      • 2A2:   Explain the implications of placing genomic test results in the patient’s medical record
      • 2A3:   Discuss the possibility of incidental findings and how they will be handled
      • 2A4:   Discuss risks of having genomic testing done: e.g., psychological implications for the individual as well as the family; the potential for discrimination; and the potential effect on insurance coverage.
      • 2A5:   Explain to the patient issues of costs and financial coverage of genomic testing
      • 2A6:   Order, interpret, and communicate the results of appropriate genomic tests, within the physician’s scope of practice
      • 2A7:   Provide referral to an appropriate specialist for genomic testing of a condition outside the physician’s scope of practice
      • 2A8:   Respond to the results of an abnormal genetic screening test, such as newborn screening, including immediate management and appropriate referral
    • P-GT2B:   Knowledge for Practice
      • 2B1:   Describe the major forms of genomic variability
      • 2B2:   Explain how different genomic changes may result in different phenotypes
      • 2B3:   Recognize that genomic tests require interpretation with respect to the patient’s clinical status (e.g., pathogenic, likely pathogenic, benign)
      • 2B4:   Explain the concepts of analytic validity, clinical validity, clinical utility as they relate to genomic testing
      • 2B5:   Recognize that medically ’non-actionable’ genomic results can be useful to the patient and family (i.e., personal utility)
    • P-GT2H:   Personal and Professional Development
      • 2H1:   Engage in continuing education regarding advances in genomic medicine and changing indications for and interpretation of genomic testing
  • Patient Treatment Based on Genomic Results
    • P-PM3A:   Patient Care
      • 3A1:   Identify medical conditions and drug responses that have a strong genetic component
      • 3A2:   Recognize that variants affecting drug responses found in a patient may also have implications for other family members
      • 3A3:   Discern the potential clinical impact of genetic variation on risk stratification and individualized treatment
    • P-PM3B:   Knowledge for Practice
      • 3B1:   Appreciate the importance of genetic diversity of humans and the abundance of genetic variants in each individual genome
      • 3B2:   Identify single-gene disorders that may be amenable to targeted pharmacological therapy
      • 3B3:   Recognize that genomic test results may guide choice of therapy for multifactorial disorders
      • 3B4:   Recognize that there is variability in the phenotypic expression of genetic variants and in response to therapy
      • 3B5:   Recognize that the effects of some medications are strongly influenced by inherited or somatically acquired genetic variation
    • P-PM3H:   Personal and Professional Development
      • 3H1:   Maintain the medical knowledge and clinical competence in genomics required for the provision of therapy
      • 3H2:   Be familiar with the available databases and resources relevant to genetic variation, including ongoing clinical trials involving patients with genetic disorders, pharmacogenomics, and patient-oriented Internet resources from reliable organizations
  • Somatic Genomics
    • P-SG4A:   Patient Care
      • 4A1:   Identify or facilitate identification of patients who may benefit from genomic testing of tissue
      • 4A2:   Explain the benefits and limitations of somatic genomic testing to the patient, including implications regarding treatment of their condition and clarification of his/her prognosis
      • 4A3:   Ensure that tissue biopsy procedures are coordinated to make certain that appropriate and sufficient material is obtained for testing
      • 4A4:   Integrate genomic testing results into the patient-care plan
    • P-SG4B:   Knowledge for Practice
      • 4B1:   Explain the concept of somatic genetic change
      • 4B2:   Describe the role of genomic changes in the pathophysiology and treatment of cancer
      • 4B3:   Explain how genomic testing can be used to guide choice of therapy and adjust drug dosage in patients with cancer
    • P-SG4H:   Personal and Professional Development
      • 4H1:   Keep up-to-date with progress in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other tissue-based disorders
  • Microbial Genomic Information
    • P-MG5A:   Patient Care
      • 5A1:   Use genomic-based tests for infectious disease instead of classical strategies where appropriate (e.g., based on clinical validity and turn-around time)
      • 5A2:   Appreciate the sensitivity and specificity of genomics-based tests for diagnosis of infectious disease based on the clinical presentation, suspected pathogen type and testing method
      • 5A3:   Interpret genomics-based tests for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of infectious disease
    • P-MG5B:   Knowledge for Practice
      • 5B1:   Explain the core strategies for genomic testing for microbial disease
      • 5B2:   Describe how DNA or RNA sequence variations in the microbiome may predict response to therapy and clinical outcomes
      • 5B3:   Explain the potential reasons for false-positive and false-negative microbial genomic-based tests
      • 5B4:   Explain the importance of ’normal’ microbiome to health and disease
    • P-MG5H:   Personal and Professional Development
      • 5H1:   Maintain up-to-date knowledge on genomic approaches to care for patients with microbial infection